Handouts for When You Love Someone: A Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce
Child Centered Solutions presents: When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce With Dale Siperstein, MFT, PhD, ABPP and Michael B. Donner, PhD Friday, September 13th, 2019 Smith Memorial Student Union Portland State University Approved for 6 MCLE Credits Course Curriculum 9:00-10:30 AM Part 1 1 hour Introduction and Overview Variables Identified that Reliably Predict Different Outcomes of Children’s Reactions to Divorce Part 2 Children Across the Developmental Spectrum How Different Ages Understand their family Disruption and Cope with Separation and Conflict Infants, Toddlers and Elementary School Age 10:30-10:45 Break 10:45-12:15 PM Part 3 Adolescents; Tasks of Adolescent Development and Coping with Parental Separation 12:15-1:30 Lunch 1:30-4:30 Part 4 Tailoring Interventions 2:45 -3:00 Break 3:00- 4:30 pm Part 5 Clinicians in the Courtroom Training Materials Power Point Slides for When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce presentation References for When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce presentation Presenter Bios Presenter CVs Articles: Tearing The Child Apart: The Contribution of Narcissism, Envy and Perverse Modes of Thought to Child Custody Wars, Michael B. Donner, PhD, Psychoanalytic Psychology, 2006, Vol. 23, No. 3, 542–553. Balancing Confidentiality: Protecting Privacy and Protecting the Public: Unbalancing Confidentiality, Michael B. Donner, Oakland, California; Considering Confidentiality Within Broader Theoretical Frameworks, Leon VandeCreek, Wright State University; Informed Consent Can Solve Some Confidentiality Dilemmas, But Others Remain, John C. Gonsiorek, University of Minnesota; and The APA Ethics Code and the Need for Balanced Confidentiality and Disclosure Decisions in Psychotherapy Celia B. Fisher, Fordham University; Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 2008, Vol. 39, No. 3, 369–376. Ethical Standards in Custody Evaluations, Larry Nicholas, PhD & Michael B. Donner, PhD, The California Psychologist, March/April 2009. Protecting the Therapy Hour: More Thoughts on Stipulations and Other Strategies, Michael B. Donner, PhD and Adam Alban, PhD, JD, The California Psychologist, November/ December 2010. Children, Child Custody and the Clinician: An Overview, Michael B. Donner, PhD, The Journal of the California Psychological Association Division of Professional Practice, Issue #174, 2011. “Letters” and Testimony: Clinicians in the Courtroom, A document in the Division I Expertise Series (2012), Michael Donner, Ph.D., Craig R. Lareau, J.D., Ph.D., ABPP, and the 2012 Task Force, California Psychological Association. Guidelines for the Treatment of Children: Confidentiality and Consent, A document in the Division I Expertise Series (2012), Michael Donner, Ph.D., and the 2012 Task Force, California Psychological Association. A Private Mind: Holding On To a Sense of Privacy, Michael B. Donner, PhD, The California Psychologist, March/April 2012. Representing the Grieving Child, Ron Shingler, The Verdict, Alameda-Contra Costa Counties Trial Lawyers’ Association, Fall 2018. References Austin, W. G., & Rappaport, S. (2018). 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Parentification: An overview of theory, research and societal issues. In N. Chase (Ed.), Burdened children: Theory, research and treatment of parentification. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Cook, W. L. (2000). Understanding attachment security in family context. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(2), 285–294. Crosbie-Burnett, M., (1991). Impact of joint versus sole custody and quality of co-parental relationship on adjustment of adolescents in remarried families. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, Vol 9(4), pp. 439-449. Deason, D., & Randolph, D. (1998). A systematic look at the self: The relationship between family organization, interpersonal attachment and identity. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 13(3), 465–479. Drozd, L.M. (20180 An Inside-Out Perspective of Children Who Resist or Refuse Contact with a Parent. Workshop, 5 Association of Family and Conciliation Courts, San Francisco, CA, February 2018 with Dorie Rogers, JD, CFLS, Jorge Galindo, Psy.D., Hon. Lon Hurwitz Drozd, L.M., (2004). Is It Abuse, Alienation, and/or Estrangement? A Decision Tree. Journal of Child Custody, Vol. 1(3), 65-106. Dujeu, M., & Godin, I. (2019). Categorizations of structure living arrangements of adolescents after parental separation. Journal of Child Custody, 16(3), 236-247. References When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce Page 2 Egeland, M., & Erickson, F. (1999). Attachment theory and research. Zero to Three Journal. Retrieved from http://www.zerotothree.org/vol20-2.html Fidnick, L. S., Koch, K. A., Greenberg, L. R., & Sullivan, M. (2011). Association of family and conciliation courts white paper guidelines for court‐involved therapy: A best practice approach for mental health professionals. Family Court Review, 49(3), 557-563. Florence W. Kaslow, Stages of Divorce: A Psychological Perspective, 25 Vill. L. Rev. 718 (1980). http://digitalcommons.law.villanova.edu/vlr Flouri, E, and Buchanan, A., (2002). What predicts good relationships with parents in adolescence and partners in adult life: Findings from the 1958 British birth cohort. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 16(2), pp. 186-198. Garber, B. D. (2007). Conceptualizing visitation resistance and refusal in the context of parental conflict, separation and divorce. Family Court Review, 4(1), 588–599. Garber, B. D. (2008). Keeping kids out of the middle. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications. Garber, B. D. (2010) Developmental Psychology for Family Law Professionals: Theory, Application, and the Best Interests of the Child. Springer Publishing Company, LLC Greenberg, L. R., Doi Fick, L., & Schnider, H. R. A. (2016). Catching Them Before Too Much Damage is Done: Early Intervention with Resistance‐Refusal Dynamics. Family Court Review, 54(4), 548-563. Greenberg, L. R., Fidler, B. J., & Saini, M. A. (Eds.). (2019). Evidence-Informed Interventions for Court-Involved Families: Promoting Healthy Coping and Development. Oxford University PressKindle Edition. Greenberg, L. R., Gould-Saltman, D. J., & Gottlieb, M. C. (2008). Playing in their sandbox: Professional obligations of mental health professionals in custody cases. Journal of Child Custody, 5 (3-4), 192-216. Gunnoe, M. L. Hetherington, E. M., (2004). Stepchildren's Perceptions of Noncustodial Mothers and Noncustodial Fathers: Differences in Socioemotional Involvement and Associations With Adolescent Adjustment Problems. Journal of Family Psychology, Vol 18(4), pp. 555-563. Hetherington, Cox & Cox 1985 Long-Term Effects of Divorce and Remarriage on the Adjustment of Children Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 24, 5:518–530, References When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce Page 3 Hetherington, E. M., Bridges, M.I., Glendessa M. What matters? What does not? Five perspectives on the association between marital transitions and children's adjustment. American Psychologist, Vol 53(2), pp. 167-184. Hines, A. M. (1997). Divorce-related transitions, adolescent development, and the role of the parent-child relationship: A review of the literature. Journal of Marriage & the Family, Vol 59(2), pp. 375-388. Jacobs, J. E.; Bleeker, M. M.; Constantino, M. J, (2003). The self-system during childhood and adolescence: Development, influences, and implications. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, Vol 13(1), pp. 33-65. Johnston, J., Kline, M., & Tschann, J. (1989) “Ongoing postdivorce conflict in families contesting custody: Effects on children of joint custody and frequent access.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, Vol. 59, 576-592. Kaplan, G. & Main, M. (1996). Adult attachment inventory interview protocol. In T. Ward, D. Polaschek, & A. R. Beech (Eds.), Theories of sexual offending. Chichesster, UK: John Wiley. Kelly, J. B., & Emery, R. E. (2003). Children's Adjustment Following Divorce: Risk and Resilience Perspectives. Family Relations: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Family Studies, 52(4), 352-362. Kelly, J. B., & Johnston, J. R. (2001). The alienated child: A reformulation of parental alienation syndrome. Family Court Review, 39, 249-266 Laible, D., Gustavo, C., & Raffaelli, M. (2000). The differential relations of parent and peer attachment to adolescent adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 29(1), 45–59. Laplante, David & Brunet, Alain & Schmitz, Norbert & Ciampi, Antonio & King, Suzanne. (2008). Project Ice Storm: Prenatal Maternal Stress Affects Cognitive and Linguistic Functioning in 5½-Year-Old Children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 47. 1063-72. 10.1097/CHI.0b013e31817eec80. Maccoby & Mnookin 1992 Dividing the Child: Social and Legal Dilemmas of Custody Harvard University Press Marian Tolpin (1971) On the Beginnings of a Cohesive Self, The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 26:1, 316-352, DOI: 10.1080/00797308.1971.11822275 References When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce Page 4 Nielsen, L Re-examining the Research on Parental Conflict, Co-parenting, and Custody Arrangements Psychology, Public Policy, and Law © 2017 American Psychological Association 2017, Vol. 23, No. 2, 211–231 Robinson, M. (2011). Understanding Behaviour and Development in Early Childhood: A Guide to Theory and Practice. (p-48). London: Routledge Rutter (2007) Early adolescent outcomes of institutionally deprived and non‐deprived adoptees. III. Quasi‐autism Child Psychology and Psychiatry Volume 48 Issue 12 Pages 1200-1207 Schneider, B., Atkinson, L., & Tardif, C. (2001). Child–parent attachment and children’s peer relations: A quantitative review. Developmental Psychology, 37(1), 86–100. Shorey, H., & Snyder, C. (2006). The role of adult attachment styles in psychopathology and psychotherapy outcomes. Review of General Psychology, 10(1), 1–20. Spruijt, E., Goede, M., and Vandervalk, I. (2004). Frequency of Contact with Nonresident Fathers and Adolescent Well-Being: A Longitudinal Analysis. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, Vol. 40(3/4) 77-90. Stahl, P. (1999) Complex Issues in Child Custody Evaluations. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications. Stoltz, J. A. M., & Ney, T. (2002). Resistance to visitation: Rethinking parental and child alienation. Family Court Review, 40(2), 220-231. Tarabulsy, G. M., Pascuzzo, K., Moss, E., St.-Laurent, D., Bernier, A., Cyr, C., et al. (2008). Attachment-based intervention for maltreating families. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 78(3), 322–332. Thompson, 2000; Thompson, R. (2000). The legacy of early attachments. Child Development, 71(1), 145–152. Wadsby, M., Priebe, G., & Svedin, C. G. (2014). Adolescents with alternating residence after parental divorce: A comparison with adolescents living with both parents or with a single parent. Journal of Child Custody, 11(3), 202-215 Wadsworth, B. J. (1996). Piaget's theory of cognitive and affective development: Foundations of constructivism. Longman Publishing. References When You Love Someone: The Child’s View of Parental Conflict and Divorce Page 5 Wartner, U. G., Grossman, K., Fremmer-Bombik, E., & Suess, G. (1994). Attachment patterns at age six in south Germany: Predictability from infancy and implications for preschool behavior. Child Development, 65, 1014–1027. Weinfield, N. S., Whaley, G. J. L, & Egeland, B. (2004). Continuity, discontinuity, and coherence in attachment from infancy to late adolescence: Sequelae of organization and disorganization. Journal of Attachment and Human Development, 6(1), 73–97. Winnicott, D. W. (1953). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena; a study of the first not-me possession. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 34, 89-97. Winnicott, D. W. (1971). Contemporary concepts of adolescent development and their implications for higher education. Playing and reality, 138-150. Winstok, Z., Sherer, M., & Enosh, G. (2004). The effect of divorce on personal and familial images: The adolescent’s perspective. Child Custody, Vol. 1(3), 19-35. Presenter Bios Dale Siperstein, MFT, PhD, ABPP Dale Siperstein, PhD, ABPP is a licensed Psychologist and Marriage and Family Therapist and Child Counselor. She is a Diplomate in Forensic Psychology, a specialty of the American Board of Professional Psychology. Among her many accomplishments, she is an expert in Forensic Psychology, specifically child custody, through completion of one hundred hours of formal education and one thousand hours of experience in forensic psychology. Dr. Siperstein specializes in the treatment of children, along with personality and cognitive assessment of children, adolescents, and adults and in the treatment of children. She has been a court appointed Child Custody Evaluator, Special Master, Mediator, Co-parent Facilitator and Expert Witness in the Family, Dependency and Administrative Courts. Dr. Siperstein has provided independent psychological evaluations for the Victim of Crime Program at the State Board of Control and personal injury evaluations, primarily assessing the impact of trauma on children and adults. Recent presentations include: A Collaborative Child Assessment; Therapist and Assessor; Speaker Lecture Series through the Collaborative Assessment Association of the Bay Area (CAABA); A Collaborative Model for Educating Psychological Assessors; The Wright Experience – presented at the Society for Personality Assessment; A Retrospective Analysis of a Child Murderer through Psychological Testing Data; Therapy with Families in High Conflict Divorce – presented to the staff of the Ann Martin Children’s Center. Dr. Siperstein was the Director of Psychological Testing at the Ann Martin Children’s Center from 1991-1994. She has extensive experience in assessing and treating adults, adolescents and children from diverse populations in both inpatient and outpatient community settings, and practices from a psychodynamic perspective. She has supervised post-doctoral students in assessment at West Coast Children’s Center and has a particular interest in Therapeutic Assessment. Dr. Siperstein has been an adjunct professor at the California School of Professional Psychology and is tenured part-time faculty at The Wright Institute, teaching two year-long classes: Psychodiagnostic Assessment of Adults and Psychodiagnostic Assessment and Intervention with Children. Michael B. Donner, PhD Michael Donner, PhD, is a licensed Psychoanalyst and Clinical and Forensic Psychologist in Oakland, California. He is the Dean of Child and Adolescent Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy Training Program, immediate Past-President of the San Francisco Center for Psychoanalysis (SFCP), a past chair of the SFCP Faculty and member of the SFCP Ethics and Impairment Committee. He teaches continuing education on law and ethics for mental health professionals in California and across the country. He was Past-Chair of the California Psychological Association (CPA) Ethics committee and spent 10 years as the Chair of the Ethics and Professional Affairs Committee of the Alameda County Psychological Association. He has served as the Chair of the of the CPA Division of Clinical and Professional Practice (Division 1) and CPA Division 1 Section on Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. He has provided court ordered Child Custody Evaluations, Brief Focused Evaluations, Psychological and Chemical Dependency evaluations and has been a court appointed Special Master since 1996. Dr. Donner taught Law and Ethics for Psychologists, Psychodynamic Intervention, at The Wright Institute in Berkeley, California from 2000-2004. He is currently a Clinical Faculty member at The Wright Institute, providing clinical supervision for students. Dr. Donner served as a Custody Evaluator/Expert Witness at the American Academy of Matrimonial Law Trial Practicum and published Tearing The Child Apart: The Contribution of Narcissism, Envy and Perverse Modes of Thought to Child Custody Wars and Child Treatment, Parents and Privacy: What psychotherapists need to know.